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CBD products are widely manufactured and marketed for different benefits. Recent studies have led to CBD products being used as an alternative treatment. Many people use CBD for leisure, therapeutic or relaxation purposes. This article looks at CBD, the products available in the market, and their benefits. It looks at different delivery methods of CBD, their bioavailability, and their usage.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound found in the cannabis sativa plant. It is extracted from the hemp plant. Different CBDsare found in the cannabis plant. These include tetrahydrocannabinol, terpenes, and flavonoids. CBD is a non-psychoactive compound meaning it does not make users high. In the UK, CBD is legal to use, possess and buy. Much research is ongoing on the medical and therapeutic benefits of CBD. People use it as relief and treatment for various conditions.
CBD is legal in the UK if it has a THC content below 0.2%. Manufacturers extract CBD from the hemp plant since it contains low THC. CBD must be extracted from a hemp strain the European Union has approved for it to be legal. Usersbuying CBD in the UK from legit brands are assured of quality products that can benefit them without getting high.
CBD interacts with endocannabinoid receptors in the body. The system comprises receptors and cannabinoids. These are responsible for maintaining balance, normal interaction between body organs, pain management, and immune responses. CBD works in the body like natural cannabinoids. It can influence the production of endocannabinoids or affect the action of receptors and enzymes. This helps the main endocannabinoids, CB1 and CB2. Cristino et al. (2020)stated that CBD is used as an anti-inflammatory and pain management in conditions such as Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, and other autoimmune diseases. It can also treat chronic pain. Skelley et al. (2020) mentioned that therapeutic uses of CBD could deal with stress, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression.
All CBD products come in different concentrates. Full-spectrum CBD has all the natural compounds of the hemp plant, including the legal amount of THC. Broad-spectrum CBD has THC removed but retains the other compounds. Isolate CBD is a pure product with all other compounds removed. Companies make CBD products such as oil, topicals like cream and lotion, capsules, pills, vapes, and gummy bears. Some of these products are discussed below:
Gummies are edible candies infused with CBD. They come in different colors, flavors, shapes, and CBD concentrations. These offer an easy and discreet way to take CBD. They come in different-sized containers and have been marketed and made a popular way to use CBD in recent times.
CBD sweets come in sugar-free, honey sticks, lollipops, and vegan-free. They come in different shapes, colors, concentrations, and ingredients. These are used discretely.People who do not like the taste of raw CBD oil use gummies.
CBD oil is the common form of cannabidiol. Hemp flowers or buds are dried and mixed with a carrier oil such as coconut oil, avocado, or jojoba oil to form CBD oil. This oil can be taken orally, sublingually, or added to food and drinks. Other supplements can be added to the oil for added benefits or to aid in absorption. CBD oil is available in different potencies depending on the cannabidiol percentage present.
These enclosed containers have hard or soft gelatin with CBD oil. The gelatinis made from digestive gelatin,from animal collagen. Capsules are a fast and easy way to swallow CBD without tasting it. Once ingested, the capsules are digested, and CBD oil is absorbed into the bloodstream. Capsules offer a good way to take CBD as a supplement with a regular dosage. They are also inconspicuous.
CBD topicals are applied directly on the skin. Examples are CBD-infused balms, lotions, creams, tinctures, and ointments. These are used for pain management or general skin care. CBD concentration varies between products, and users should follow the manufacturer's instructions. Sperry et al. (2021) claimed that CBD topicals are mostly made with carrier oils and other ingredients to enhance absorption. Individuals should check the ingredients for any they may be allergic to.
CBD skincare products include oils, creams, cleansers, exfoliants, soap, bath bombs, shampoo, and conditioners. They protect and improve skin and hair health. These products are used like any other skincare product with CBD's added benefit. Cream (2020) suggested that people with acne-prone, sensitive, or aged skin can use CBD-infused products to reap its healing abilities.
CBD is versatile in terms of benefits and delivery forms. There are popular and not-so-common ways of using CBD. Each method has its benefits and is best for treating specific conditions. Although CBD works differently for each person and the absorption rate determines how long it takes to feel its effects, bioavailability matters most.
Bioavailabilityrefers to the ratio of absorbed substances into the bloodstream. Products with a higher bioavailability are more absorbed into the bloodstream inlittle doses. Below are the different CBD delivery methods and their bioavailability.
Inhaled CBD has the highest rate of absorption. Vaping CBD takes effect quicker because the CBD enters the bloodstream through the lungs. Vaping CBD products are available as vape oil and vape juice. Vape pens are mostly used for inhaling CBD. Disposable vape panes are a good option for people who want to try vaping and gauge if they can like it. People using this method should be extremely cautious since it can cause damage to the lungs over time.
Sublingual administration of CBD is done by placing it under the tongue and leaving it there for a while. This is used for dropping and spray of CBD oil. It is highly effective as the product is absorbed into the bloodstream without going through the digestive system. It is an alternative to vaping as it does not interfere with lung health.
Topical CBD products are also known as transdermal. This method requires CBD to be applied directly on the skin. It is a slow and steady delivery method that ensures high levels of CBD remain in the body. Skincare and topical products include creams, lotions, tinctures, and soap.
Oral use of CBD is a commonly used method. Gummies, pills, and sweets are ingested through the stomach. This method has the lowest bioavailability since it has to go through the digestive system and is absorbed through the liver. It takes long minutes or hours to reach the bloodstream or leave it. Some professionals advise using fatty foods to enhance absorption, while some companies use other supplements to enhance CBD effectiveness.
Intravenous (IV) delivery of CBD is an effective method. It ensures CBD goes directly into the bloodstream through an injection. This method is, however, reserved for medical professionals since it is sensitive.
Anxiety can affect one's life and lead to poor sleep quality and disorders. Shannon et al. (2019) observed that people using CBD have reported reduced anxiety and improved sleep quality and quantity. CBD facilitates the effect of serotonin on the brain enough to regulate sleep and prevent anxiety. Khan et al. (2020) reviewed that CBD exerts an anxiolytic effect on people dealing with a social anxiety disorder by reducing the hippocampus and increasing activities in the posterior cingulate.
Good sleep is important for improved quality of life. People who have sleeping disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea claim to have improvements using CBD. The products have been largely marketed to help with sleep.Kaul et al. (2021) concluded that using cannabinoids helps reduce sleep apnea and improve its quality. CBD creates a calming, relaxing, and comfortable feeling making an individual fall asleep easily and increasing sleep latency. Most people who use CBD for sleep prefer to take it in the evening. Users need to know the right product and dosage to be effective.
According to Delta (2022), tinctures are best for anxiety and headaches since their effects take a few minutes to kick in. CBD instills a calm and relaxing feeling in people who use it and lowers stress levels. CBD works with receptors in the ECS to suppress anxious feelings and stimulate calmness.
Baron (2018) proved that people use CBD products for migraines, headaches, and chronic pain caused by long-term health conditions since it has anti-inflammatory properties. Individuals under other medicines should seek advice from their doctor to use CBD for pain management.
Choosing the right CBD product to get is not easy. Below are important things to look for;
Although CBD is the main ingredient in the products, other oils, supplements, flavors and colors are also used. Individuals should check the label to ensure all ingredients used are natural. Consider taking note of any product that contains an ingredient they can react to.
There is no standard dose for CBD products. However, most manufacturers give instructions on how much to use. A new cannabis user should start with a small dose and gradually increase it to get the right amount for them.
A trusted brand should be certified and have good reviews from customers. This ensures they have good quality products that do not contain contamination.
CBD oil is the most common form of CBD used. It can be taken orally, sublingually, or applied topically. CBD oil helps users have a balanced body system. It makes individuals feel calm and relaxed and boosts their mood. Boehnke et al. (2021) claimed that CBD oil couldmanage pain, inflammation, anxiety, and sleep.
Millar et al.(2019) revealed that CBD oil is well tolerated but might have side effects such as dry mouth, reduced appetite, fatigue, and drowsiness. It can also affect how the body reacts to other medications. Therefore, people should seek their doctor's advice to take CBD with other medications. Keepinga hydrated body while on CBD can help manage side effects.
Daily use of CBD can help with symptom relief. CBD does not cause one to be high or pose threats of abuse or dependency.
CBD is a case for weight loss and appetite control. Devinsky et al. (2019) revealed that CBD could lead to increased appetite and long-term weight gain; however, more research is needed.
CBD and alcohol can cause drowsiness, sedation, and sleepiness. It is wise to avoid mixing them.
CBD does not show up in a drug test. This is because the compound that is tested is not present in CBD. However, high THC in CBD might lead to a failed test.
CBD metabolism takes place in the liver. Meissner &Cascella(2021) stated that extremely high doses could cause damage to the liver. Doctors warn patients of dose-related liver damage by CBD.
In the UK, CBD is an approved prescription drug and supplement. It is used in dietary supplements, foods, and cosmetic products.
CBD oil is legal in the UK as long as it is derived from hemp, which has 0.2% THC. Medicinal products should be regulated.
How long CBD oil stays in the system depends on dosage, the administration method, and how often an individual uses it. This can range from hours to a few weeks.
Khalegi (2020) discovered that CBD helpspain management in people with arthritis. CBD pain relief creams are applied to the affected areas to offer relief.
CBD positively affects the brain by helping neurons send signals and improve how the endocannabinoid system works to maintain balance. CBD helps with memory and improves cognitive behavior.
CBD has anti-inflammatory properties making it good for pain management and reducing swelling.
Most people with back pain problems use CBD balms for relief. CBD is an art-inflammatory and antioxidant and can be used for relaxation.
CBD works with the ECS responsible for memory, learning, and cognition. It does not cause intoxication or negatively affect cognitive processes.
CBD does not cause intoxication or change an individual's personality. It works with the endocannabinoid system in the body and can help with some mental health illnesses.
Brain fog can be caused by stress, lack of sleep, or certain medical conditions. CBD helps with sleep improvement, reduces sleep, and leaves one relaxed.
CBD, a natural compound of the cannabis plant, offers a wide range of benefits. It is used for medical, cosmetic, and therapeutic benefits. Different companies offer CBD products ranging from topicals such as sweets and gummies, CBD oil vapes, beauty products, pain relief creams, and CBD cartridges. These products are best used for various reasons depending on their bioavailability. It is important to know the right product to use and the method of administration. Users should research the different brands available to get the right product. It is wise for people on medications to ask for a doctor's opinion before starting CBD.
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