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What are THC and CBD Gummies?

December 16, 2022 5 min read

What are THC and CBD Gummies?

What are THC and CBD Gummies?

THC and CBD are the most prevalent chemical compounds in the cannabis plant. THC gummies cause 'high' effects, while CBD gummiespromote a sense of calmness and relaxation. This article discusses what CBD and THC gummies are, their side effects, and their legality in the UK.

The cannabis plant constitutes over one hundred chemical compounds, tetrahydro cannabidiol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) being the most prevalent ones. Although they exist in the same plant, CBD and THC  vary in composition and effects. THC is responsible for mind-alerting effects, while CBD promotes a sense of calmness and relaxation. CBD and THC are infused into various products, including gummies. CBD and THC gummies are the most popular ways of incorporating the compounds into your daily supplement regime since they are fun and delicious. They are available in multiple sizes, shapes, designs, andflavors, suiting every consumer's needs.

Understanding THC and CBD

THC is a prevalent cannabinoidin the cannabis plant. Itcompound is responsible for the 'high'effectsexperienced while smoking marijuana. CBD is non-psychotropic.

CBD is allowed in the UK if its THC content does not exceed 0.2 percent and should be sourced from industrial hemp solely. THC is strictly forbidden in the UK since it causes mind-altering results.

CBD Gummies

What Are CBD gummies?

CBD gummies are chewy and tasty jellies infused with CBD as one of their main active ingredients. They are available in multiple concentrations, sizes, shapes, and flavors. They provide maximum discretion.  CBD gummies are popular among newbies since they are delicious and come pre-dosed.

CBD gummies are available in three formulations:


According to Marinotti et al. (2020), Full-spectrum CBD gummies feature all the compounds in the hemp plant, including flavonoids, Cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), THC, terpenes, and CBD. its THC levels do not exceed 0.2 percent. It is the most powerful type due to the entourage effect. All the other chemical compound work with CBD to enhance its therapeutic benefit.

Broad Spectrum

Broad spectrum CBD gummies blend CBD isolate and full spectrum. They contain all the other compounds, excluding THC. They are an excellent option for individuals who want to benefit from the effects of other compounds, excluding THC.


CBD isolate gummies are the purest form, only containing CBD and no other chemical compound.

Benefits of CBD gummies

CBD gummies have the following medical benefits:

  • Moltke et al. (2021) stated that CBD gummies improve sleep by tackling the major causes of sleep disturbances, such as anxiety and pain. They have elating properties helping individuals sleep better.Taking this product an hour before bedtime is advisable for the best results.
  • CBD gummies can relieveanxiety and stress due to their anxiolytic properties. CBD increases the release of serotonin and dopamine hormones while reducing the production of the stress hormone(cortisol)
  • Argueta et al.(2020) noted that CBD alleviates pain in the body by binding to pain cannabinoid receptors and blocking pain signals toward the brain neurons, relieving users.
  • Improves mental clarity and focus, especially in individuals with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease
  • Zhelyazkovaet al.(2020) commented that CBD treats cancer by promoting healthy cell reproduction and preventing the continuous growth of cancer-related tumors. Additionally, since it has anti-emetic qualities, it tackles chemotherapy-related symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting.
  • Lee et al. (2021) suggested that CBD increases energy levels by enhancing the body's metabolic rate since it metabolizes the stored body fats.

Side Effects of CBD Gummies

Evans (2020) claimed that CBD gummies cause various side effects when taken in larger amounts. They include;

  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Changes in appetite and weight
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea

Talk to a medical professional to help you know your ideal dosage before taking the gummies.

The Legality of CBD Gummies in the UK

Since CBD is non-psychotropic, it is legal in most countries, including the UK. However, some guidelines have to be followed:

  • Their THC levels should not exceed 0.2 percent
  • It should only be sourced from industrial hemp

THC Gummies

What Are THC Gummies

THC gummies are edibles infused with tetrahydrocannabinol as one of their major active ingredients. They differ from CBD gummies since they have more than twenty percent THC, whereas CBD gummies only have less than 0.2 percent THC.

Side Effects Of THC Gummies

When consumed, THC gummies pass through the digestive system before reaching the bloodstream. THC acts on certain brain receptors that react to chemicals mimicking the THC chemical composition. It activates the brain region with the largest number of these brain receptors. As a result, it causes high effects.

Delta (2022) outlined other side effects of THC gummies;

  • Impaired memory
  • Hallucination
  • Altered senses, like seeing brighter colors
  • When consumed in higher amounts, it leads to delusions
  • Psychosis
  • Impaired body movement
  • Vomiting
  • Heart problems

Heart problems are most common when consuming edibles than vaping THC. It may cause psychiatric conditions like elevated anxiety.

The Legality of THC Gummies in the UK

THC gummies are prohibited in the UK. They are classified as controlled substances and may earn you up to five years imprisonment when found in their possession.

Differences Between CBD Gummies and THC Gummies

  • CBD gummies are legal in the UK as long as their THC levels do not exceed 0.2 % and are extracted from industrial hemp. THC gummies are prohibited since they contain more than 0.2% THC
  • CBD gummies promote a sense of calmnessand relaxation, while THC gummies are responsible for mind-altering and psychotic effects
  • CBD gummies' side effects are mild and short term whereas THC gummies' side effects are adverse, and some cause long-term disadvantages
  • Brown &Winterstein (2019) suggested that CBD gummies are non-addictive and cause no dependence, while THC gummies may cause an addiction


CBD gummies are regular candies infused with cannabidiol oil, while THC gummies are infused with THC. CBD gummies have various benefits, such as relieving pain and inflammation, treating cancer and tackling various side effects of chemotherapy such as nausea, alleviating anxiety and stress, and boosting focus and mental clarity. These candies rarely cause any side effects when consumed in the right amount. However, when taken in larger doses, they may cause adverse reactions such as the dry mouth. Regarding legality, they are allowed in the UK as long as they are extracted from industrial hemp and do not contain more than 0.2 percent THC. On the other hand, THCgummies are strictly prohibited since they have more than twenty percent THC. They cause adverse effects such as hallucinations and psychosis.


Argueta, D. A., Ventura, C. M., Kiven, S., Sagi, V., & Gupta, K. (2020). A balanced approach for cannabidiol use in chronic pain. Frontiers in pharmacology, 11, 561.

Marinotti, O., &Sarill, M. (2020). Differentiating full-spectrum hemp extracts from CBD isolates Implications for policy, safety, and science. Journal of Dietary Supplements, 17(5), 517-526.

Moltke, J., &Hindocha, C. (2021). Reasons for cannabidiol use: a cross-sectional study of CBD users, focusing on self-perceived stress, anxiety, and sleep problems. Journal of cannabis research, 3(1), 1-12.

Brown, J. D., &Winterstein, A. G. (2019). Potential adverse drug events and drug-drug interactions with medical and consumer cannabidiol (CBD) use. Journal of clinical medicine, 8(7), 989.


Zhelyazkova, M., Kirilov, B., &Momekov, G. (2020). The pharmacological basis for application of cannabidiol in cancer chemotherapy. Pharmacia, (4), 239-253.